Recent Changes

Monday, January 9

  1. page Middle Ages edited ... - Stephen Langton - d.1228 {middle-ages-clothing-2.jpg} Drawing of an Army *3 paragraphs* …
    ...
    - Stephen Langton - d.1228
    {middle-ages-clothing-2.jpg} Drawing of an Army
    *3 paragraphs*
    The Middle Ages lasted from 500 AD to 1500 AD. The middle ages mainly took place in Europe. The emphases were mainly on the people, the church, and literature. The people that lived during this time in this area were very diverse and had many conflicts. There were the Germanic Kingdoms of which the Franks were the strongest. The Frankish Rulers were also known as the Merovingian Rulers. Clovis was the first Barbarian King to become Christian, and he participated in the battle of Alamanni and gained control of most of the old Western Roman Empire. Then there was Charles Martel or Charles the Hammer who battled in the Battle of Tours. He also started Feudalism in Europe. There was also Pepin the Short was elected King of the Franks by nobles, his appointment was approved by the pope. Charlemagne otherwise known as the “Holy Barbarian” or Charles the Great united Europe for the first time and started the Carolingian Empire. Then there were the Vikings who were from Scandinavia. They were also known as the Norse or the North men. A berserker was a Viking warrior, and danegeld was the gold and silver that was used to pay off the Vikings when they came pillaging through town. The two most important Vikings were both explorers. The first one was Erik the Red who discovered Greenland. The second one was Leif Erickson who landed at Newfoundland which is said to be North America. Then there were the knights the one who was said to be the greatest Knight of all time was William Marshal. A knight was a mounted warrior, they usually had a squire or knights assistant, and they usually started out as pages when they were about seven years old. There was Joan of Arc also known as “The Maid” She inspired the French to win against the English in the hundred year’s war. Then there were the English people also known as the Anglo-Saxons. Alfred the Great drove the Danes out of England. King Canute of Denmark was a Danish King who conquered England. He was the first Viking Leader welcomed as equal to Christian Kings. There was also Edward the Confessor who was a Religious Fanatic and a very weak king, Westminster Abbey was built during his reign. William the Conqueror was the Duke of Normandy and was promised the throne by Edward, but it King Harold II was crowned instead. At the battle of Hastings though William the Conqueror defeated King Harold and became King. There were five important Kings after them during the middle ages they were Henry I, Henry II (“God Father of the English State”), King Richard I (“Lion Hearted”), King John (“Soft Sword”), and Edward I (“Long Shanks”).
    The Scandinavians started out believing in Asgard and Valhalla, but converted to Christianity at a later point in history. Many things were connected to the church even the rules of warfare where you couldn’t fight on holy land or during holy days. During the 1200’s the church’s power peaked and the Christian church dominated Europe. The church had a hierarchy that went Pope, Cardinal, Bishop, and then the parish priest. Cannon Law was the Church Laws that if you didn’t follow, you would be kicked out of the church by excommunication. The church had the power to tax and collected a tithe. In Monasticism, monks had total dedication to god, and the leader of the monastery was the Abbot. They had Missionaries sent around to spread religious messages. Some of the different monasteries were St. Benedict, St. Francis of Assisi, and St. Dominic. In the inquisition the church tortured and executed heretics or unbelievers. The crusades went from 1096 to 1291 AD. Pope Urban II commanded the crusades he said “God wills it!” In the first crusade the crusaders captured Jerusalem. The crusaders were soldiers of Christ and there symbol was the Red Cross. In the second crusade the Muslims defeated the Christians and Edessa fell to the Turkish people. The third crusade was also known as the 3 kings crusade in which King Richard couldn’t win Jerusalem back from the Muslims. The Knights Templar protected Christians that traveled to the holy land. In the Fourth Crusade merchants from Venice paid the Crusaders to attack Constantinople. In the Children’s Crusade Nicholas and Stephan led 20,000 kids, but they were sold into slavery in North Africa by Hugh the Iron and William the Pig.
    (view changes)
    11:22 pm
  2. page Renaissance and Reformation edited ... As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death. - Leonardo da…
    ...
    As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death. - Leonardo da Vinci
    {mona_lisa_renaissance.png} Mona Lisa {renaissance_and_reformation.jpg} Leonardo da Vinci
    *3 paragraphs*
    The Renaissance started in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. Renaissance means new birth which is what it was to the people of the Greek and Roman worlds. There were three towns in particular that played huge part in Italy's political independence they were Milan, Venice, and Florence. Florence was the cultural center of Italy and it was said "Athens has migrated to Florence." Giovanni Medici is credited with starting the Renaissance. The Medici Family became the leading family of Florence. Lorenzo Medici also known as "The Magnificent" ruled Florence from 1469 to 1492. Isabella d'Este became "The First Lady of the World" and was known for inteligence and political wisdom. Francesco Ptrarch was the father of the Italian Renaissance. Nicolo Machiavelli wrote the book called The Prince which was book on how the government worked.
    The renaissance was a time of art and there were many different artists and great thinkers born within this time period. Leonardo da Vinci was one of them had has two famous paintings you should know about which is the Last supper and the othe one was the Mona Lisa. Another great artist was Michelangelo Buonarroti he did two sculpturest that are important Moses and David. He also did the ceiling mural in the Sistine Chapel in St. Peter's Cathdral in Rome. Rapael was known for his Madonna or representation of the Virgin Mary. Donatello was known for his sculpture of St. George. Also during this time Miguel de Cervates wrote Don Quixote which poked fun at chivalry. And William Shakespear wrote his many plays and sonnets including Romeo and Juliet, MacBeth, and Hamlet.
    (view changes)
    11:20 pm
  3. page The Asian World edited ... 5 important Terms 1; Mongols- Pastoral people from the region of modern day Mongolia who wher…
    ...
    5 important Terms
    1; Mongols- Pastoral people from the region of modern day Mongolia who where organized loosely into clans.
    2; Porcelain- AA ceramic made
    3: Kami- Spirits worshiped by early Japanese, whom they believed resided in the tree's. rivers, mountains, ect.
    4: Firelance- FireFire lances were
    ...

    5; Shogun- LeaderLeader of centralized
    5 important People
    1: Genghis Khan- The first Mongol Emperor, Temuchin was his original name and he was the Universal Monarch.
    (view changes)
    11:15 pm
  4. page Renaissance and Reformation edited ... 1350-1600 As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death. - …
    ...
    1350-1600
    As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death. - Leonardo da Vinci
    ...
    Mona Lisa {renaissance_and_reformation.jpg}{renaissance_and_reformation.jpg} Leonardo da
    *3 paragraphs*
    The Renaissance started in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. Renaissance means new birth which is what it was to the people of the Greek and Roman worlds. There were three towns in particular that played huge part in Italy's political independence they were Milan, Venice, and Florence. Florence was the cultural center of Italy and it was said "Athens has migrated to Florence." Giovanni Medici is credited with starting the Renaissance. The Medici Family became the leading family of Florence. Lorenzo Medici also known as "The Magnificent" ruled Florence from 1469 to 1492. Isabella d'Este became "The First Lady of the World" and was known for inteligence and political wisdom. Francesco Ptrarch was the father of the Italian Renaissance. Nicolo Machiavelli wrote the book called The Prince which was book on how the government worked.
    The renaissance was a time of art and there were many different artists and great thinkers born within this time period. Leonardo da Vinci was one of them had has two famous paintings you should know about which is the Last supper and the othe one was the Mona Lisa. Another great artist was Michelangelo Buonarroti he did two sculpturest that are important Moses and David. He also did the ceiling mural in the Sistine Chapel in St. Peter's Cathdral in Rome. Rapael was known for his Madonna or representation of the Virgin Mary. Donatello was known for his sculpture of St. George. Also during this time Miguel de Cervates wrote Don Quixote which poked fun at chivalry. And William Shakespear wrote his many plays and sonnets including Romeo and Juliet, MacBeth, and Hamlet.
    ...
    wanted to keep divorcingdivorce or behead some of his wives andwifes which the catholic church wouldn't allow, so during these
    {henry81540c.jpg} King Henry 8th
    5 important People
    ...
    Giovanni Medici- CreditedHe was credited with starting
    ...
    VII- Had 6six wives and
    ...
    of England. His wives names were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymore, Anne of Cleves, Katheryn Howard, and Katherine Parr.
    3. Leonardo
    ...
    the greatest artistartists of this era.era, but although he was most famous for his artwork he had a scientific mind and had many journals filled with inventions of his.
    4. Isabella d'Este- Also known as the, "first lady of the world"world," She was known for
    ...
    the era. He wrote many classical works of theater including Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet.
    5 important Terms
    ...
    Fresco - A fresco is a painting
    ...
    water based paints.paints, life Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper.
    2. Machiavellian-
    ...
    cunning and duplicity induplicityin statecraft or in general conduct.conduct or in simple terms a risk taker.
    3. Madonna's- Madonna's are depictions of the virgin Mary.Mary, the artist Raphael did many of these, and is especially known for them.
    4. Humanism- The study of the classes and literary works of ancient Greece and Rome.
    5.Annul- to declare invaild. (ex. Divorce)
    (view changes)
    11:09 pm
  5. page Middle Ages edited ... {sf052fr2.jpg} Europe map of middle ages 5 Important people 1: Charlemagne: Know Charlemag…
    ...
    {sf052fr2.jpg} Europe map of middle ages
    5 Important people
    1: Charlemagne: KnowCharlemagne:Know as Charles
    ...
    on Christmas day.day in 800 A.D.
    2: Sir Wiliam Wallace.Wallace:Also known as, "Brave Heart" He was a Scottish national hero. HerHe resisted the
    ...
    in 1297.
    3:Clovis: First

    3:Clovis:He was the first
    barbarian king
    ...
    a christian. ChangedHe changed rules so
    ...
    Henry I: FirstThe first Norman King, Bornhe was born and educated in England 3rdEngland, he was also the third son of williamWilliam the Conqueror.
    ...
    "Queen of 4four Kings". Married 2In her life she married two kings and had 2 sons.two sons, both who would grow up to be Kings givin gher great infulence in political matters.
    {http://thetapestryhouse.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/fotolia_494665_m.jpg} Middle ages Painting
    5 Important terms
    1.Pope- Bishop
    term
    1.Pope-The pope is the bishop
    of Rome
    ...
    the Catholic church.
    2.Parishes- A name for local christian communities.
    3.Angelo-Saxon- Germanic tribes from Denmark
    church, the pope has a lot of say in what happens in society, and northern Germany movedwhat can or cannot happen.
    2.Guild- A business association associated with a particulartradeor craft; guilds evovled
    in the twelfth century and settledcame to play aleading role in Europe.the economic life of medieval cities.
    3.Masterpiece- A piece created by a journey man who aspires to be a master creaftsperson; it allowed the members of a guild to judge whether the journeyman was qualified t o become a master and join the guild.

    4.Vassal- underUnder feudalism, a
    ...
    and mutual protection.
    5. Domesday Book- 1st state census in Europe.
    protection, sometimes the vassals would have their own vassals and so on and so forth until you got to serfs.
    5.Lay Investiture- The preactice by which secular rulers both chose nominees to churhc offices andgave them the symbols of their office.

    {MiddleAges.gif} Drawing of people playing music
    *5 links*
    (view changes)
    10:56 pm
  6. page Mesopotamia edited ... Five Most Important People from Mesopotamia=1) Sargon of Akkad- The Sargon of Akkad was the Ki…
    ...
    Five Most Important People from Mesopotamia=1) Sargon of Akkad- The Sargon of Akkad was the King of Battles, also known as "34-0". He founded the first empire in history which stretched from the Persian Gulf to Mediterranean Sea. He was the Lord of 4 Quarters of the World. He lived from 2340 BC to 2284 BC.2) Hammurabi- Hammurabi wrote Code of Hammurabi, which is the first code of laws it contained 282 laws and was written in 1792 BC.3) Nebuchadnezzer- Also known as, "Mad Ox", he was the leader of Chaldeans. He defeated Assyrians and rebuilt Babylon in 605 BC.4) King Croesus- The saying "As rich as Croesus", comes from this King who was the first to use coins, and his face appeared on his coins in 560 BC.5) King Soloman- King Soloman set up kingdom of Israel, and made Jerusalem the capital. He had King Soloman's Temple built which is a symbolic center of Hebrews and it housed ark of the Covenant in 1025 BC.
    {Timewatch-mesopotamia2.jpg} map of Mesopotamia
    ...
    a government that is ruled by divine authority.3)authority, useually spoken through a priest you would receive messages from a god and relate them to the people.3) empire- An
    ...
    people or territories.territories and is usually ruled by and emperor.
    4) patriarchal-
    ...
    dominated by men.men, meaning that the male would be the head of the house and everybody in the family would have to listen to him.
    5) cuniform- Cuniform means "wedge-shaped," it is a
    ...
    by the Sumerians.Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet.
    {mesopotamia_4.jpg} Zigarrat
    The British Museum Mesopotamia--This website has links to different aspects of Mesopotamian life and society.Ancient Mesopotamia for kids--This website is kid friendly and has plenty of information about MesopotamiaMesopotamian Inventions--This website has information about different Mesopotamian inventions that are still used in modern times.The Epic of Gilgamesh-- This website containst the Epic of Gilgamesh which may be the first written poem in the world.Mesopotamian Religion--This website has information about mesopotamian religion which was mainly, polytheistic.
    (view changes)
    10:34 pm
  7. page Ancient India edited ... 2) Chandragupta Maurya- Chandragupta was the first Indian Emporer, he lived in Pataputra, and …
    ...
    2) Chandragupta Maurya- Chandragupta was the first Indian Emporer, he lived in Pataputra, and was the first to use homing pigeons in 324 BC.
    3) Chandragupta II- When Chandragupta II was ruling the Indian Empire reached its greatest size. He lived from 375 AD to 415 AD.
    ...
    took northwest India.India, but soon his soldierrefused to continue fighting, and they departed almost as soon as they had come.
    5) Darius-
    ...
    in 500 BC.BC, he was the ruler of the Persian Empire and he wanted to rule the world.
    {Everest-closeup.jpg} Mt. Everest
    Five Key Terms from Ancient India=
    ...
    pattern in western asia.southwestern Asia that blows warm, moist air form the southwest during the summer, bringing heavy rains, and cold, dry air from the northeast during the winter.
    2) caste system- A caste system is a set of rigid categories that proclaims you status, it states your social status in India and has five parts to it.
    3) reincarnation- Reincarntation is the rebirth of a individual soul, believed in by the Indian people and a bases for the caste system.
    ...
    the next life.life as either a cow which is worshipped or a untouchable.
    5) dharma- In Hinduism, Dharma is
    ...
    that rules karma.karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their status in society
    {india_rel96.jpg} Map of India
    The British Museum--This website has links to different parts of Ancient Indian Life.
    (view changes)
    10:28 pm

More