Emily Meyer and Rhiannon Clark

As a well-spent day brings happy sleep, so a life well spent brings happy death. - Leonardo da Vinci

Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci

The Renaissance started in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. Renaissance means new birth which is what it was to the people of the Greek and Roman worlds. There were three towns in particular that played huge part in Italy's political independence they were Milan, Venice, and Florence. Florence was the cultural center of Italy and it was said "Athens has migrated to Florence." Giovanni Medici is credited with starting the Renaissance. The Medici Family became the leading family of Florence. Lorenzo Medici also known as "The Magnificent" ruled Florence from 1469 to 1492. Isabella d'Este became "The First Lady of the World" and was known for inteligence and political wisdom. Francesco Ptrarch was the father of the Italian Renaissance. Nicolo Machiavelli wrote the book called The Prince which was book on how the government worked.

The renaissance was a time of art and there were many different artists and great thinkers born within this time period. Leonardo da Vinci was one of them had has two famous paintings you should know about which is the Last supper and the othe one was the Mona Lisa. Another great artist was Michelangelo Buonarroti he did two sculpturest that are important Moses and David. He also did the ceiling mural in the Sistine Chapel in St. Peter's Cathdral in Rome. Rapael was known for his Madonna or representation of the Virgin Mary. Donatello was known for his sculpture of St. George. Also during this time Miguel de Cervates wrote Don Quixote which poked fun at chivalry. And William Shakespear wrote his many plays and sonnets including Romeo and Juliet, MacBeth, and Hamlet.

Martin Luther began the Reformation in the early sixteenth century because he believed the Catholic church wasn't right in how they worshipped. Christian Humanism or Nothern Renaissance humanism was formed and its main goal was to reform the Catholic church. Desiderius Erasmus was the best known of all the Christian humanists and believed that christianity should show people how to live good lives on a daily basis. In 1517 on October 31, Luther sent a list of Ninety-five things to change about the church to his church superiors and it was reprinted and sent to many parts of Germany. In the Edict of Worms, Martin Luther was to be made an outlaw within the empire and all his works were to be burned. John Calvin came up with the idea of predestination. Predestination was the idea that God had already decided who would be saved and who would not. King Henry VIII broke with the Catholic church when he wanted to divorce or behead some of his wifes which the catholic church wouldn't allow, so during these times, the courts favored the protestant documents.

King Henry 8th

5 important People
1. Giovanni Medici- He was credited with starting the Renaissance, His family became the leading family in Florence.
2. Henry VII- Had six wives and was leader of the church of England. His wives names were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymore, Anne of Cleves, Katheryn Howard, and Katherine Parr.
3. Leonardo da Vinci- Consisdered one of the greatest artists of this era, but although he was most famous for his artwork he had a scientific mind and had many journals filled with inventions of his.
4. Isabella d'Este- Also known as the, "first lady of the world," She was known for her Intelligence and political wisdom.
5.William Shakespear- One of the greatest poets and screenplay writers of the era. He wrote many classical works of theater including Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet.

5 important Terms
1. Fresco - A fresco is a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water based paints, life Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper.
2. Machiavellian- The employment of cunning and duplicityin statecraft or in general conduct or in simple terms a risk taker.
3. Madonna's- Madonna's are depictions of the virgin Mary, the artist Raphael did many of these, and is especially known for them.
4. Humanism- The study of the classes and literary works of ancient Greece and Rome.
5.Annul- to declare invaild. (ex. Divorce)

map of Europe

*5 links*
1) Leonardo da Vinci-This website has information about Leonardo da Vinci's life, inventions, and ideas. Leonardo da Vinci was a very diverse and interesting person, and this website could be very educational and possibly even entertaining to look at.
2) William Shakespear-This website has a biography about Shakespear, and has links on the left hand side to many of his plays, so you can look at them and take a peak at his work.
3) Madonnas-This website has pictures of many different Madonnas including one by Raphael. A madonna is a picture of the Virgin Mary and almost all renaissance artists did one in their life.
4) Protestantism-This website is an introduction to Protestantism which began to spread during the Renaissance and Reformation. It has statistics and pie charts about different kinds of Protestantism.
5) The six wives of Henry-This website has links to each of Henry's six wives. They were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymore, Anne of Cleves, Katheryn Howard, and Katherine Parr.
Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel

Timeline:1350 - The Italian Renaissance begins1434 - The de' Medici family takes control of Florence1450 - Christian humanism spreads in northern Europe1455 - Gutenberg prints Bible using movable type1508 - Michelangelo begins painting the Sistine Chapel1517 - Martin Luther initiates the Protestant Reformation1519 - Charles I of Spain is elected Holy roman Emperor1534 - Henry VIII creates the Church of England1540 - Loyola and his small group of follwerers were recognized as a relgious order by the pope1545 - The Council of Trent is formed